explore our comprehensive legal guides on startups, capital raising, and more


legal guides for kiwi tech companies

easy-to-follow guides

We cover topics from company formation to capital raising and more. Our guides include links to free downloadable templates and other resources you might find useful.

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key issues when structuring ESOPs

Employee share option plans (or ESOPs) are a key tool for Kiwi startups to incentivise staff and hire talent when funds are tight. We’ve put together this guide to help…

active investors in nz tech startups

This guide (revised for 2020) is our take on NZ’s tech investor landscape. This is aimed at early-stage startups who are considering getting investment into their company.

agile and software development contracts

In this guide, we look to explain how agile works and discuss the things you need to think about in your ICT contract if you want to use agile (and get customers to agree to that too).

dealing with data in contracts 

If you provide SaaS products or services to your clients as part of your business, this guide is for you. We’ll cover what you need to know if you handle…

does your investor pass the FMCA test?

This is a choose your own adventure-style tool we have created for companies looking to raise capital by issuing shares, options or convertible notes to New Zealand-based investors.

economic downturn and startup term sheets

The global economic downturn has inevitably hit the startup and venture capital ecosystem. Investors in startups, like everyone else, are impacted by falling stock prices and fund valuations, distracted from…

legal basics for startups

If you're thinking of building a tech company, here's a good place to start. In this guide we cover legal basics every startup should know.

tips and tricks for your next nda

Before you start a new business relationship, it’s often sensible to sign a non-disclosure or confidentiality agreement (NDA) so that you can explore the proposed relationship freely – in the…

unfair contract terms – did you know?

Changes to the Fair Trading Act (FTA) to protect against unfair contract terms come into force today (17 March).  From today (and with some exceptions), it will be unlawful to…


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